Ming Pao’s Zhong Mingjiu gives an exclusive report that the Party congresses in various Chinese provinces, and reelection of provincial leaders, will be completed by the end of June. Such congresses and reelections make preparations for the 18th Party Congress, in which the personnel arrangements and various policies and principles will be decided.
However, while most people’s attention is focused on the 18th Party Congress, some analysts in Beijing point out that the arrangement for the 18th Party Congress is, to a certain extent, related to the next Party Congress, and that long-term consideration will be made for the future.
A scholar says the era of authority is over
A scholar close to Zhongnanhai reveals strengthening democracy will be an important political orientation in the future for the Chinese Communist Party (CCP). The methods of selection and promotion by means of democratic recommendation within the Party will perhaps gradually take shape as a mechanism in the future. As example, top CCP leaders will be elected democratically by officials at and above principal minister level, and there may be competitive election of top leaders.
The scholar points out, “the era of authority when successor is designated by the predecessor is over and a profound lesson has been learnt from Bo Xilai saga. In this respect, a new mechanism will emerge in the CCP to imbue awareness of pressure and competition, and new ideology among leading cadres.”
The scholar reveals that in the area of organisation and personnel arrangement, the CCP has already begun arrangement for its 19th Congress. It is just that no public announcement has been made about it. Judging by CCP’s practice over the recent 10 or so years, formation of the top leading group has not been fully institutionalised.
Rather, a rule or consensus of “retirement at or above the age of 68” has already been reached, meaning those who are 68 or more years old will not be admitted into the next group of top leaders. Therefore, the age mix of the members of the Politburo Standing Committee elected at the 18th Congress will be considered for smooth transition for those elected at the 19th Congress.
Importance is attached to the candidate’s experience, honesty and integrity
The principle of selection stressed by the CCP over the past few years is: no restriction to the place of origin of a candidate, and appointment by merit. Work experience, education, knowledge and personal characters of courage and resolution are important factors in selecting a senior leader. As example, generally speaking, a candidate should have local work experience in serving as the head of one or two provinces. Among the current Politburo Standing Committee, Xi Jingping served as top leader of Fujian, Zhejiang and then Shanghai; while Li Keqiang served at Henan and then Liaoning.
In addition to being well experienced in local work, the candidate should be able to be independently in charge of and responsible for the work. A top leader has to undergo a long-term test. It is an important principle that the leader selected should have both integrity and talents. In official jargon, it means investigation and study should be made to see whether the candidate has noble character and moral integrity, and always works in the public interest.
As China is now in a complicated external environment, the CCP has raised new requirements for its top officials. These include the ability to grasp future development of the situation, make comprehensive consideration of various international factors to control the overall situation, strategic vision and awareness of contemporary times.
- China considers delay of key party congress amid internal debate (chinadailymail.com)
- Politburo Standing Committee to be reduced to seven: Boxun (wantchinatimes.com)
- Reforms lie with CCP’s younger cadres: Duowei (wantchinatimes.com)