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Education & Employment

China: Easing of college exam barriers fails to satisfy migrant parents

Migrant Children

Migrant Children

Migrant parents expressed disappointment yesterday after three of the largest magnets of migrant labour – Beijing, Shanghai and Guangdong – announced only a modest relaxation of residency restrictions for college entrance exams.

Officials in the three regions each submitted plans in advance of the State Council‘s year-end deadline for policies to overhaul the much criticised residency regime for the national entrance exams, or gaokao.

Regions have long restricted the exams largely to pupils who can prove residency under the restrictive hukou registration system – limiting options for prospective students and forcing thousands of migrants to choose between leaving their jobs and separating from their children.

The Beijing municipal government released a “transitional document” yesterday that allows migrant pupils to sit for gaokao in Beijing from 2014, provided their parents have contributed to the social security fund for six consecutive years. Even then, exam takers would have access only to tertiary vocational colleges.

Beijing authorities promised to draft a more detailed policy by the end of next year. Until then migrant pupils would be able to sit for the exams with a major caveat: they would have to take their scores back to their registered hometowns to be recruited.

A tearful Fan Yuqing, an office worker with a 14-year-old son who moved to Beijing from Henan seven years ago, said she felt insulted.

“The policy amounts to telling us we’re second-class citizens no matter how long we’ve been living and working here,” she said. “We must either take whatever the handouts are if we stay or we can simply leave.”

Zhang Jiandang, the owner of a small business who came to Beijing from Anhui 18 years ago, said the policy made no progress in tackling the inequality migrants faced in gaining access to education. He said his 16-year-old son’s performance was good enough to get him into the prestigious Tsinghua or Peking universities.

“I’ve no choice but to send him off to study overseas,” he said. “But what about other parents who can’t afford this?”

Guangdong similarly unveiled a policy stipulating that pupils from migrant families can sit for entrance exams starting in 2016, provided their parents have a provincial residency permit and contributed to social security there for at least three years.

Shanghai has tied its gaokao policy to its controversial residency permit regime. A scoring system would be used to evaluate if the children of migrant parents were eligible to take the gaokao.

Xiong Bingqi , deputy director of the 21st Century Education Research Institute, said discontent among parents was not surprising as the restrictive policies were the result of regional governments trying to balance various competing interests.

“It’s the central government that is supposed to take the opportunity to overhaul the exam system nationally to address inequality because such policy has favoured major metropolises like Beijing too much in terms of allocation of university places,” Xiong said. “The best way to address the inequality is to allow universities to recruit students purely on a merit basis.”

Source: SCMP “Easing of college exam barriers fails to satisfy migrant parents”

About chankaiyee2

Author of the book "Tiananmen's Tremendous Achievements" about how with the help of Tiananmen Protests, talented scholars with moral integrity seized power in the Party and state and brought prosperity to China. The second edition of the book will be published within a few days to mark the 25th anniversary of Tiananmen Protests All the parts in the first edition remain in the second edition with a few changes due to information available later and better understanding. There are also some changes for improvements of style. The new parts are Chapters 12-19 on events in China after the first edition was published: The fierce power struggle for succession between reformists and conservatives; Xi Jinping winning all elders’ support during his mysterious disappearance for 2 weeks in early September, 2012; and Xi Jinping Cyclone. Chan Kai Yee's new book: SPACE ERA STRATEGY: The Way China Beats The US An eye-opening book that tells the truth how the US is losing to China. The US is losing as it adopts the outdated strategy of Air-Sea Battle while China adopts the space era strategy to pursue integrated space and air capabilities: It is losing due to its diplomacy that has given rise to Russian-Chinese alliance. US outdated strategy has enabled China to catch up and surpass the US in key weapons: Hypersonic weapons (HGV) that Pentagon regards as the weapon that will dominate the world in the future. Aerospaceplane in China’s development of space-air bomber that can engage enemy anywhere in the world within an hour and destroy an entire aircraft carrier battle group within minutes. Anti-satellite (ASAT) weapons, anti-ASAT weapons, stealth aircrafts, drones, AEW&C, etc. The book gives detailed descriptions of China’s weapon development based on information mainly from Chinese sources that the author monitors closely. U.S. Must Not Be Beaten by China! China is not a democracy. Its political system cannot prevent the emergence of a despotic leader or stop such a leader when he begins to bring disasters to people. A few decades ago, Mao Zedong, the worst tyrant in world history did emerge and bring disasters to Chinese people. He wanted to fight a nuclear war to replace capitalism with communism but could not bring nuclear holocaust to world people as China was too weak and poor at that time. If a despot like Mao Zedong emerges when China has surpassed the US in military strength, world people will suffer the misery experienced by Chinese people in Mao era. China surpassing the US in GDP is not something to worry about as China has the heavy burden to satisfy its huge population, but China surpassing the US in military strength will be world people’s greatest concern if China remains an autocracy. US people are of much better quality than Chinese people. What they lack is a wise leader to adopt the correct strategy and diplomacy and the creative ways to use its resources in developing its military capabilities. I hope that with the emergence of a great leader, the US can put an end to its decline and remain number one in the world. China, US, space era strategy, air-sea battle, space-air bomber, arms race, weapon development, chan kai yee

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