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Human Rights & Social Issues

Danger of second Cultural Revolution as migrant workers in China are alienated

China Migrant Workers

China Migrant Workers

Despite spending years working in mainland cities, migrant workers still feel like outsiders.

In its report titled Migrant workers feel like outsiders in mainland cities, says survey, SCMP says:

“Many workers who flock to mainland cities feel alienated and have low self-esteem, says survey

“Despite spending years working in mainland cities, migrant workers still feel like outsiders and say their only sense of happiness comes from their families, a Renmin University survey has found.

“They also see themselves as the bottom of society and feel alienated because they have no influence on their lives or society in general, the survey found, with young migrant workers even gloomier about their prospects.”

In Chapter 10 of my book “Tiananmen’s Tremendous Achievements”, I pointed out in late 2010 that China may collapse soon due to the danger of Maoism.

In 2011, the popularity of Bo Xilai’s sing-red campaign, the restoration of Maoism brought about by him and his despotism seemed to make what I fear soon become a reality. Fortunately, in March 2012, Bo fell into disgrace.

I personally experienced the disasters of the Great Famine and Cultural Revolution caused by Maoism. I was at a mature enough age and regarded myself as having seen much of the Chinese society and people when the Cultural Revolution began. Still I was amazed to see the power of Maoism in turning educated youngsters and even students at prestigious colleges, into mad mobs overnight.

I was puzzled that a nation with 4,000 years of civilisation was turned overnight into a self-destructive nation that negated all its culture and past.

I studied Chinese history and philosophy and conducted deep soul searching. I found there were quite some such self-destructive periods in Chinese history when mobs led by despots brought chaos to the Chinese nation.

Usually some wise leaders, assisted by talented scholars, emerged in these periods, rescued the Chinese nation from chaos and soon brought prosperity to China. What the despots rallied mobs around them was egalitarianism that has been deeply rooted in Chinese culture for thousands of years.

I sum up such major facts in Chinese history into two formulae:

despot + mobs = chaos


wise leader + talented scholars = superpower

The Cultural Revolution was a quite extreme case of the first formula where the despot was a charismatic, well educated and talented one, and had developed China’s popular egalitarianism into a popular theory – Maoism. I point out in my book that due to the yawning rich-poor gap, Maoism remains influential in China and may be the cause of another Cultural Revolution. I said in my book:

“Most rural people, the majority of the Chinese population, have received no or little education. About 200 million of them are now migrant workers in Chinese cities.They are paid much lower wages than native urban workers and they are not provided with the subsidised housing and other welfare that native urban people enjoy, but cannot afford urban housing without subsidy.

“Their children cannot compete with native urban people for education opportunities because they are mostly left behind in rural areas without their parents to take care of them. Rural education facilities are inferior to urban ones. A few of the children live in cities with their parents. There are few schools for them in the cities and those schools are not as well equipped or staffed as the schools for native urban people.

“Migrant workers are looked down by native urban people. In fact, they are now second-class citizens in Chinese cities. However, in the past, the inequality was mostly economic. The social status of peasants in China was always high. Now in addition to the widening rich-poor gap, there is the inequality in social status, which hurts migrant workers’ dignity most.”

The uneducated underdogs may be turned into mobs overnight if a charismatic, well-educated and talented despot like Mao emerges. Bo is such a despot and almost succeeded in rallying Maoists around him to cause trouble.

CCP leaders know well the danger and are carrying out a 5-year plan to build 37 million units of subsidised housing for urban and migrant workers. Some cities including Shanghai are making efforts to allow migrant workers’ children to not only receive education there, but also take part in the matriculation examinations so as to allow them to enjoy the greater opportunities to enter prestigious universities and colleges.

However, according to the survey reported by SCMP, “Compared with a similar survey last year, migrant workers’ living standards had improved but their sense of happiness from social involvement and social standing had dipped.” The danger of despot + mobs = chaos remains, though the charismatic, well educated and talented despot Bo Xilai has fallen into disgrace.

The SCMP report: “Migrant workers feel like outsiders in mainland cities, says survey”

About chankaiyee2

Author of the book "Tiananmen's Tremendous Achievements" about how with the help of Tiananmen Protests, talented scholars with moral integrity seized power in the Party and state and brought prosperity to China. The second edition of the book will be published within a few days to mark the 25th anniversary of Tiananmen Protests All the parts in the first edition remain in the second edition with a few changes due to information available later and better understanding. There are also some changes for improvements of style. The new parts are Chapters 12-19 on events in China after the first edition was published: The fierce power struggle for succession between reformists and conservatives; Xi Jinping winning all elders’ support during his mysterious disappearance for 2 weeks in early September, 2012; and Xi Jinping Cyclone. Chan Kai Yee's new book: SPACE ERA STRATEGY: The Way China Beats The US An eye-opening book that tells the truth how the US is losing to China. The US is losing as it adopts the outdated strategy of Air-Sea Battle while China adopts the space era strategy to pursue integrated space and air capabilities: It is losing due to its diplomacy that has given rise to Russian-Chinese alliance. US outdated strategy has enabled China to catch up and surpass the US in key weapons: Hypersonic weapons (HGV) that Pentagon regards as the weapon that will dominate the world in the future. Aerospaceplane in China’s development of space-air bomber that can engage enemy anywhere in the world within an hour and destroy an entire aircraft carrier battle group within minutes. Anti-satellite (ASAT) weapons, anti-ASAT weapons, stealth aircrafts, drones, AEW&C, etc. The book gives detailed descriptions of China’s weapon development based on information mainly from Chinese sources that the author monitors closely. U.S. Must Not Be Beaten by China! China is not a democracy. Its political system cannot prevent the emergence of a despotic leader or stop such a leader when he begins to bring disasters to people. A few decades ago, Mao Zedong, the worst tyrant in world history did emerge and bring disasters to Chinese people. He wanted to fight a nuclear war to replace capitalism with communism but could not bring nuclear holocaust to world people as China was too weak and poor at that time. If a despot like Mao Zedong emerges when China has surpassed the US in military strength, world people will suffer the misery experienced by Chinese people in Mao era. China surpassing the US in GDP is not something to worry about as China has the heavy burden to satisfy its huge population, but China surpassing the US in military strength will be world people’s greatest concern if China remains an autocracy. US people are of much better quality than Chinese people. What they lack is a wise leader to adopt the correct strategy and diplomacy and the creative ways to use its resources in developing its military capabilities. I hope that with the emergence of a great leader, the US can put an end to its decline and remain number one in the world. China, US, space era strategy, air-sea battle, space-air bomber, arms race, weapon development, chan kai yee


6 thoughts on “Danger of second Cultural Revolution as migrant workers in China are alienated

  1. I really liked this post and this is a very interesting subject in contemporary China.


    Posted by johnbuckner523 | March 3, 2013, 9:39 pm
  2. Reblogged this on Oyia Brown.


    Posted by OyiaBrown | March 4, 2013, 12:48 am
  3. You say egalitarianism has deep roots in Chinese culture. Can you provide some examples because I’m eager to learn more about this aspect of Chinese society.


    Posted by storiesbywilliams | March 7, 2013, 3:08 pm


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