The total area of China’s claims on other countries exceeds the size of modern China itself, but Beijing refuses to budge on its claims.
Many are based on unsubstantiated (outside China) and unprecedented “historical precedents” dating back centuries.
And while China only has land borders with 14 countries, it is claiming territory from at least 23 individual nations.
These include Indonesia, Malaysia and Brunei, maritime territory which is 1000 kilometres from the closest Chinese soil (well outside the internationally recognised 200 kilometre EEZ).
The following is a list of China’s current claims against other countries, all of which it has made painfully clear it is willing to go to war over:
Afghan province of Bahdashan (despite treaty of 1963, China still encroaches on Afghan territory).
Bhutanese enclaves in Tibet, namely Cherkip Gompa, Dho, Dungmar, Gesur, Gezon, Itse Gompa, Khochar, Nyanri, Ringung, Sanmar, Tarchen and Zuthulphuk. Also Kula Kangri and mountainous areas to the west of this peak, plus the western Haa District of Bhutan
China has, on occasion, claimed parts of Cambodia on historical precedent (Ming Dynasty, 1368-1644)
Parts of the South China Sea.
Parts of the East China Sea, particularly the Senkaku Islands. Also, on occasion, the Ryukyu Islands, on the grounds that the completely independent Kingdom of Ryukyu was once a vassal state of China. The Kingdom of Ryukyu terminated tributary relations with China in 1874.
There are continual unilateral claims by China on Kazakhstan territory, despite new agreements, in China’s favour, signed every few years.
China claims the majority of Kyrgyzstan on the grounds that it was unfairly forced to cede the territory (which it had formerly conquered) to Russia in the 19th century.
China claims large areas of Laos on historical precedent (Yuan Dynasty, 1271-1368)
China claims all of Mongolia on historical precedent (Yuan Dynasty, 1271-1368). In fact, Mongolia, under Genghis Khan, occupied China.
China claims parts of Nepal dating back to the Sino-Nepalese War in 1788-1792. China claims they are part of Tibet, therefore part of China.
Territory is still unilaterally claimed by China, despite China signing numerous agreements.
Parts of the South China Sea.
China claims parts of Tajikistan on historical precedent (Qing Dynasty, 1644-1912).
Additionally, China recently taunted Hillary Clinton about claiming territorial rights on Hawaii, and claimed that Chinese sailors had settled peacefully in Australia centuries before European discovery. And let’s not forget the supposed 1418 map that “proves” China discovered the Americas (and the entire world) long before Columbus.
- Japan and South Korea defy China in new air defence zone (chinadailymail.com)
- China Playing Wrong Hand in Territorial Dispute (live.wsj.com)
- Creeping China (postzambia.com)
- Now, Chinese State media reiterates claim on Arunachal Pradesh (niticentral.com)
- Arunachal Pradesh is OURS: Chinese media (rediff.com)
- [Brahma Chellaney] China’s territorial creep in Asia (koreaherald.com)
- China Claims Air Defense Zone With Disputed Islands In Japanese Control (huffingtonpost.com)
- Ambiguity about China’s air defence zone fans regional tensions (thehindu.com)
- The threat of war on our doorstep (news.optuszoo.com.au)
- Flashpoint Asia: Our troubled ‘hood’ (heraldsun.com.au)
- US Backs Japan in Senkaku Islands Dispute With China (news.antiwar.com)