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Politics & Law

Philippines UN case means China may quit maritime pact to avoid submitting to judgement

A Philippine Navy patrol boat approaches Chinese hospital ship Peace Ark off Leyte

A Philippine Navy patrol boat approaches Chinese hospital ship Peace Ark off Leyte

A prominent Chinese academic says Beijing could withdraw from the UN’s maritime treaty rather than submit to judgement on its disputed sovereignty claims in the South China Sea.

Regional security expert Professor Shen Dingli said the decision by the Philippines to refer its territorial disputes with China to UN arbitration demonstrated that it was “a mistake” for China to have joined the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (Unclos) in the first place.

Shen, deputy dean of Fudan University‘s Institute of International Studies, was speaking on the sidelines of a forum last week in Manila, entitled “What is to be Done? Resolving Maritime Disputes in Southeast Asia”.

He said that “how to make China not quit the treaty is in [the Philippines’] interests”.

Giving what he said was a personal opinion, Shen said the Philippines had blundered by going to the UN International Tribunal on the Law of the Sea to seek judgement on the validity of China’s “nine-dash line“, through which it claims most of the South China Sea.

That claim is disputed by the Philippines, among other nations, and Manila filed the UN action in January.

“The more you sue China, the more China would [want to] quit the treaty. [In that event, China] would never abide by the treaty, and [the Philippines would] have no international base for China to observe any more,” Shen said.

He said there were four ways available to settle the dispute: war, the UN tribunal, bilateral negotiations, and mediation by a third country.

He said he advocated what he said was a win-win solution.

“[China could say to the Philippines] ‘I am willing to cut my sovereignty … your island is ours but we still want to fish [there] … You allow us to fish, we allow you to take what you have taken.”

Manila’s action before the UN tribunal was a hot topic at the conference hosted by the Angara Centre, a private think tank created by former Philippine senator Edgardo Angara.

Dr Ian Storey, a senior fellow at Singapore’s Institute for Southeast Asian Studies, said “China is furious” at Manila over the case.

He said China’s attitude to the situation was “how dare the Philippines have the temerity to take us to court without consulting us. How dare you. We will punish you for that.”

He said that China had tried to humiliate and isolate Philippine President Benigno Aquino by effectively withdrawing an invitation to a China-Asean trade fair in Nanning in September by saying “Oh, by the way you can only come if you withdraw your suit”.

Storey suggested that Asean and China should strike an “incidents at sea agreement” similar to that established between Russia, Japan, South Korea and Western countries in the 1980s.

He said Manila should be prepared for the possibility that the UN tribunal would decide not to issue a ruling because it might damage Unclos.

He said the tribunal was likely to have dealt with the suit by 2016, the year Aquino steps down.

Philippine Supreme Court Associate Justice Antonio Carpio, a guest at the forum, said it would be “horrible and a tectonic disaster” should a new president drop the case against China.

“That means … admitting that our position is weak,” said Carpio, who wrote the Supreme Court ruling that Philippine territorial claims in the South China Sea were constitutional.

Carpio, who was a presidential official when China seized Mischief Reef in the mid-1990s, rejected Beijing’s assertions that Manila had refused to negotiate.

“We have been trying to talk to them for the past 15 years. When they occupied Mischief Reef 15 years ago, we asked them ‘Let’s sit down and negotiate’. They said – ‘No, it’s ours’.”

A separate symposium by the Philippine Association for Chinese Studies was also held last week on the same topic.

Dr Wu Shicun, president of China’s National Institute for South China Sea Studies, suggested that Beijing and Manila could thaw relations by co-operating in “low-sensitivity fields” such as disaster relief.

Source: SCMP – Manila UN case means China may quit maritime pact

About chankaiyee2

Author of the book "Tiananmen's Tremendous Achievements" about how with the help of Tiananmen Protests, talented scholars with moral integrity seized power in the Party and state and brought prosperity to China. The second edition of the book will be published within a few days to mark the 25th anniversary of Tiananmen Protests All the parts in the first edition remain in the second edition with a few changes due to information available later and better understanding. There are also some changes for improvements of style. The new parts are Chapters 12-19 on events in China after the first edition was published: The fierce power struggle for succession between reformists and conservatives; Xi Jinping winning all elders’ support during his mysterious disappearance for 2 weeks in early September, 2012; and Xi Jinping Cyclone. Chan Kai Yee's new book: SPACE ERA STRATEGY: The Way China Beats The US An eye-opening book that tells the truth how the US is losing to China. The US is losing as it adopts the outdated strategy of Air-Sea Battle while China adopts the space era strategy to pursue integrated space and air capabilities: It is losing due to its diplomacy that has given rise to Russian-Chinese alliance. US outdated strategy has enabled China to catch up and surpass the US in key weapons: Hypersonic weapons (HGV) that Pentagon regards as the weapon that will dominate the world in the future. Aerospaceplane in China’s development of space-air bomber that can engage enemy anywhere in the world within an hour and destroy an entire aircraft carrier battle group within minutes. Anti-satellite (ASAT) weapons, anti-ASAT weapons, stealth aircrafts, drones, AEW&C, etc. The book gives detailed descriptions of China’s weapon development based on information mainly from Chinese sources that the author monitors closely. U.S. Must Not Be Beaten by China! China is not a democracy. Its political system cannot prevent the emergence of a despotic leader or stop such a leader when he begins to bring disasters to people. A few decades ago, Mao Zedong, the worst tyrant in world history did emerge and bring disasters to Chinese people. He wanted to fight a nuclear war to replace capitalism with communism but could not bring nuclear holocaust to world people as China was too weak and poor at that time. If a despot like Mao Zedong emerges when China has surpassed the US in military strength, world people will suffer the misery experienced by Chinese people in Mao era. China surpassing the US in GDP is not something to worry about as China has the heavy burden to satisfy its huge population, but China surpassing the US in military strength will be world people’s greatest concern if China remains an autocracy. US people are of much better quality than Chinese people. What they lack is a wise leader to adopt the correct strategy and diplomacy and the creative ways to use its resources in developing its military capabilities. I hope that with the emergence of a great leader, the US can put an end to its decline and remain number one in the world. China, US, space era strategy, air-sea battle, space-air bomber, arms race, weapon development, chan kai yee


10 thoughts on “Philippines UN case means China may quit maritime pact to avoid submitting to judgement

  1. He said Manila should be prepared for the possibility that the UN tribunal would decide not to issue a ruling because it might damage Unclos. – why, because big baby bully chaynaah will throw a tantrum?


    Posted by insek_kupal | January 13, 2014, 10:43 am
    • China is surrounded by Asian nations and does not have an open sea for an advantage to their navy, So, China will be grabbing all what China can grab by way of talk or/and force.

      China already knows the result of the arbitration and soon be caught that China’s 9-dashed Line was fabricated, fake and forged.


      Posted by Tulo Mo | January 13, 2014, 7:58 pm
  2. Here is what China should do to focus on Philippines fake terra nullis position as a pretext to seize Kalayaan Islands etc. What Philippines did was exactly like Japan stealing Diaoyu/Senkaku using fake terra nullis basis, so no wonder they are like hands and gloves together! Back in 1956 Philippines position was the Spratlys was terra nullis and seize the islands while China was weak. China should draw ITLOS judges attention to the Kalayaan Islands which was illegally stolen from China under the Coma discovery which occur way after China already have those islands discovered. If Philippines case is strong, she don’t need to fake a terra nullis to steal the islands. China on the other hand have ample evidence from Hainan fishermen travels to the Spratlys while Philippines have zero historical records.
    So anyway even if Philippines get the go ahead in the 9 dash line case against China, China should immediately file a stolen Kalayaan Islands case against Philippines. Further evidence of Philippines own lack of confidence in her case is the fact that she agree with China and Vietnam to do joint oil/gas drilling which the Philippines unfortunately withdraw in 2005. So taken together ITLOS judges can see that the onus to prove 200 miles EEZ advantage to Philippines lies with her, NOT China since she steal Kalayaan ISLANDS per UNCLOS definition, she have no legal standing based on stolen islands to have 200 miles EEZ advantage.

    Editor’s Note: In response to the many emails about this poster, we do suspect he’s a paid Chinese internet commentator. However, we believe that all people should be allowed to voice their opinions, not just the ones that agree with our agenda. Therefore, at this stage we will not ban him, but will continue to censor his profanity and racial vilification.


    Posted by Fre Okin | February 11, 2014, 1:36 am


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