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Defence & Aerospace

Japan to build military station on remote western island, closer to China than Japan’s main islands


Japan's Defence Minister Itsunori Onodera uses a pair of binoculars as he inspects an annual new year military exercise by the Japanese Ground Self-Defense Force 1st Airborne Brigade at Narashino exercise field in Funabashi, east of Tokyo January 12, 2014

Japan’s Defence Minister Itsunori Onodera uses a pair of binoculars as he inspects an annual new year military exercise by the Japanese Ground Self-Defense Force 1st Airborne Brigade at Narashino exercise field in Funabashi, east of Tokyo January 12, 2014

Japan is sending 100 soldiers and radar to its westernmost outpost, a tropical island off Taiwan, in a deployment that risks angering China with ties between Asia’s biggest economies already hurt by a dispute over nearby islands they both claim.

Japanese Defence Minister Itsunori Onodera will break ground on Saturday for a military lookout station on Yonaguni, which is home to 1,500 people and just 150 km (93 miles) from the disputed Japanese-held islands claimed by China.

The mini-militarisation of Yonaguni – now defended by two police officers – is part of a longstanding plan to improve defence and surveillance in Japan’s far-flung frontier.

Building the radar base on the island, which is much closer to China than to Japan’s main islands, could extend Japanese monitoring to the Chinese mainland and track Chinese ships and aircraft circling the disputed crags, called the Senkaku by Japan and the Diaoyu by China.

“We decided to deploy a Ground Self-defence Force unit on Yonaguni Island as a part of our effort to strengthen the surveillance over the southwestern region,” Onodera said this week. “We are staunchly determined to protect Yonaguni Island, a part of the precious Japanese territory.”

The 30 sq km (11 sq mile) backwater – known for strong rice liquor, cattle, sugar cane and scuba diving – may seem an unlikely place for Prime Minister Shinzo Abe to put boots on the ground.

But Yonaguni marks the confluence of the Japanese defense establishment’s concerns about the vulnerability of the country’s thousands of islands and the perceived threat from China.

The new base “should give Japan the ability to expand surveillance to near the Chinese mainland,” said Heigo Sato, a professor at Takushoku University and a former researcher at the Defence Ministry’s National Institute for Defence Studies.

“It will allow early warning of missiles and supplement the monitoring of Chinese military movements.”

Japan does not specify an enemy when discussing its strategy to defend its remote islands. But it makes no secret that it perceives China generally as a threat – a giant flexing its growing muscle and becoming an Asian military power to rival Japan’s ally, the United States, in the region.

Japan, in National Defence Programme Guidelines issued in December, expressed “great concern” over China’s rapid military buildup, opaque security goals, its “attempts to change the status quo by coercion” in the sea and air, and such “dangerous activities” as last year’s announcement of an air-defense identification zone.

FORWARD STRATEGY

Japan’s remote-island strategy, set out in the guidelines, is to “intercept and defeat any invasion by securing maritime supremacy and air superiority” with swift deployments supplementing troops positioned in advance.

“Should any remote islands be invaded, Japan will recapture them. In doing so, any ballistic missile or cruise missile attacks will be dealt with appropriately.”

A spokeswoman for China’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs, asked about her reaction to Japan’s build-up on Yonaguni, said Japan’s neighbours were closely watching its defence policy.

“We hope the Japanese side can draw lessons from history and act in a way that is conducive to peace and stability,” the spokeswoman told a regular briefing in Beijing.

Yonaguni, at the western tip of Japan’s 3,300-km (2,000-mile) southwestern island chain, is practically within sight of the disputed rocks that are the feared flashpoint of Japan’s island strategy, which could draw the United States into a fight.

Onodera’s groundbreaking ceremony comes four days before President Barack Obama lands in Tokyo for a summit with Abe, the first state visit by a U.S. president in 18 years.

Japanese and Chinese navy and coastguard ships have played high-stakes cat and mouse around the disputed islets since Japan nationalised the formerly privately owned territory in September 2012. Japanese fighter jets scrambled against Chinese planes a record 415 times in the year through to March, up 36 percent from the previous year, the Defence Ministry said last week.

Tapping such concerns, Abe raised military spending last fiscal year for the first time in 11 years.

He is bolstering Japan’s capability to fight for islands with a new marine unit, more longer-range aircraft, amphibious assault vehicles and helicopter carriers. Although the country’s landmass is smaller than California, its thousands of islands give it nearly 30,000 km (18,600 miles) of coastline to defend.

Tight fiscal constraints, however, mean Japan can’t keep pace with China’s yearly double-digit military budget increases.

WARY WELCOME

The people of Yonaguni, where Abe wants to station 100 troops and perhaps as many family members within two years, have mixed feelings about their imminent role in facing off against China.

“Opinion is split down the middle,” Tetsuo Funamichi, the head of the island’s branch of the Japan Agricultural Association, said by telephone. “It’s good for the economy if they come, but some people worry that we could be attacked in an emergency.”

Takenori Komine, who works in an island government office, said it was a risk worth taking if it meant reviving an outpost of Japan that has been in decline since a brief postwar boom.

At that time, U.S.-occupied Yonaguni’s proximity to Taiwan made it an entry point into Japan for smuggled food and clothing from Hong Kong. Since the end of World War Two, the island’s population has withered by some 90 percent. Average income of about $22,500 a year is a fifth below the national average.

“We are hopeful that the arrival of the young troops will bolster local consumption,” Komine said.

But Yonaguni’s mainstays, beef and sugarcane, are in the crosshairs of trade negotiations. Abe is trying to defend Japan’s high tariffs on them but has recently agreed to beef tariff cuts for Australia and is under strong pressure to do the same for the United States before Obama’s visit, as part of broad talks on an ambitious Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) trade pact.

“If the TPP includes sugar, this island is finished,” said Funamichi of the agricultural co-op.

And a sharply falling population on Yonaguni would have security implications, a government official said.

“It’s not good from the perspective of securing our territory,” said the official in Tokyo. “If people don’t live there, you could lose your claim to effective control.”

Source: Reuters “Japan to arm remote western island, risking more China tension”
 

About chankaiyee2

Author of the book "Tiananmen's Tremendous Achievements" about how with the help of Tiananmen Protests, talented scholars with moral integrity seized power in the Party and state and brought prosperity to China. The second edition of the book will be published within a few days to mark the 25th anniversary of Tiananmen Protests All the parts in the first edition remain in the second edition with a few changes due to information available later and better understanding. There are also some changes for improvements of style. The new parts are Chapters 12-19 on events in China after the first edition was published: The fierce power struggle for succession between reformists and conservatives; Xi Jinping winning all elders’ support during his mysterious disappearance for 2 weeks in early September, 2012; and Xi Jinping Cyclone. Chan Kai Yee's new book: SPACE ERA STRATEGY: The Way China Beats The US An eye-opening book that tells the truth how the US is losing to China. The US is losing as it adopts the outdated strategy of Air-Sea Battle while China adopts the space era strategy to pursue integrated space and air capabilities: It is losing due to its diplomacy that has given rise to Russian-Chinese alliance. US outdated strategy has enabled China to catch up and surpass the US in key weapons: Hypersonic weapons (HGV) that Pentagon regards as the weapon that will dominate the world in the future. Aerospaceplane in China’s development of space-air bomber that can engage enemy anywhere in the world within an hour and destroy an entire aircraft carrier battle group within minutes. Anti-satellite (ASAT) weapons, anti-ASAT weapons, stealth aircrafts, drones, AEW&C, etc. The book gives detailed descriptions of China’s weapon development based on information mainly from Chinese sources that the author monitors closely. U.S. Must Not Be Beaten by China! China is not a democracy. Its political system cannot prevent the emergence of a despotic leader or stop such a leader when he begins to bring disasters to people. A few decades ago, Mao Zedong, the worst tyrant in world history did emerge and bring disasters to Chinese people. He wanted to fight a nuclear war to replace capitalism with communism but could not bring nuclear holocaust to world people as China was too weak and poor at that time. If a despot like Mao Zedong emerges when China has surpassed the US in military strength, world people will suffer the misery experienced by Chinese people in Mao era. China surpassing the US in GDP is not something to worry about as China has the heavy burden to satisfy its huge population, but China surpassing the US in military strength will be world people’s greatest concern if China remains an autocracy. US people are of much better quality than Chinese people. What they lack is a wise leader to adopt the correct strategy and diplomacy and the creative ways to use its resources in developing its military capabilities. I hope that with the emergence of a great leader, the US can put an end to its decline and remain number one in the world. China, US, space era strategy, air-sea battle, space-air bomber, arms race, weapon development, chan kai yee

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