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Defence & Aerospace

China gives all highest science awards to weapons developers, in intensive arms race with America

Yu Min (seated) is honoured by President Xi Jinping. Photo: SCMP Pictures

Yu Min (seated) is honoured by President Xi Jinping. Photo: SCMP Pictures

Since China began its arms race with the US, all the National Highest Science and Technology Award have been won for weapons development.

The award for 2014 was won by Yu Min for his achievement in developing a H-bomb.

Those for 2013 were won by Zhang Cunhao and Cheng Kaijia respectively for development of a superconductor and nuclear weapons.

Those for 2012 were won by Zheng Zhemin and Wang Xiaomo respectively for achievement in research on explosives, and building China’s AEW&C aircraft.

All the awards are given for achievement in weapons development, while only half of the awards for 2010 and 2011 were won for weapons development. It proves the intensity of China’s arms race with the US.

The following is the full text of SCMP report on Yu Min winning the award:

Yu Min, ‘father of China’s H-bomb’, wins top science award

Highest honour for veteran nuclear physicist whose involvement in defence project was so secret that even his wife didn’t know about it

Veteran nuclear physicist Yu Min – dubbed the “father of China’s hydrogen bomb” – has received the country’s top science award.

Yu, 89, an academic with the Chinese Academy of Sciences who has been involved in research into nuclear weapons since the 1960s, was presented with the National Highest Science and Technology Award by President Xi Jinping at a ceremony yesterday, mainland media reported. The award comes with a 5 million yuan (HK$6.3 million) cash prize.

Yu was a leading scientist in designing the country’s hydrogen bomb, winning a medal for his contribution to “two bombs, one satellite” – China’s self-reliant national defence programme – in 1999.

China detonated its first hydrogen bomb in 1967, a little more than two-and-a-half years after the country’s first atomic bomb test – much less time than the seven years and three months the United States took to develop a hydrogen bomb after its first atomic test.

Nuclear weapon projects were highly classified in the 1960s so Yu’s name remained a secret until 1988, when he officially retired. Even his wife had no idea of his involvement in the project before then, according to the Legal Evening News.

After solving one key problem in 1965, Yu reportedly used code to relay his breakthrough to Deng Jiaxian, another scientist who played an instrumental role in developing China’s atomic and hydrogen weapons.

Yu reportedly phoned Deng and told him that he “hunted a squirrel” that had an “uncommon physical structure”, and “needed more manpower to help with dissection”, as a hint for his new findings. Deng rushed to Shanghai from Beijing after the phone call, the newspaper reported.

Yu, a Hebei native, graduated from Peking University. He did not study overseas and had few chances to interact with foreign experts, according to the website people.com.cn

A total of 24 scientists have received the award in previous years, including the father of hybrid rice Yuan Longping, and urban planner Wu Liangyong. Physical chemist Zhang Cunhao and nuclear weapons expert Cheng Kaijia shared last year’s award.

Meanwhile, 318 cutting-edge scientific research projects – including network computing, methods for converting methanol to olefins, and the Tianhe-1 supercomputer – received national science awards for 2014, according to the State Council.

Source: SCMP “Yu Min, ‘father of China’s H-bomb’, wins top science award”


About chankaiyee2

Author of the book "Tiananmen's Tremendous Achievements" about how with the help of Tiananmen Protests, talented scholars with moral integrity seized power in the Party and state and brought prosperity to China. The second edition of the book will be published within a few days to mark the 25th anniversary of Tiananmen Protests All the parts in the first edition remain in the second edition with a few changes due to information available later and better understanding. There are also some changes for improvements of style. The new parts are Chapters 12-19 on events in China after the first edition was published: The fierce power struggle for succession between reformists and conservatives; Xi Jinping winning all elders’ support during his mysterious disappearance for 2 weeks in early September, 2012; and Xi Jinping Cyclone. Chan Kai Yee's new book: SPACE ERA STRATEGY: The Way China Beats The US An eye-opening book that tells the truth how the US is losing to China. The US is losing as it adopts the outdated strategy of Air-Sea Battle while China adopts the space era strategy to pursue integrated space and air capabilities: It is losing due to its diplomacy that has given rise to Russian-Chinese alliance. US outdated strategy has enabled China to catch up and surpass the US in key weapons: Hypersonic weapons (HGV) that Pentagon regards as the weapon that will dominate the world in the future. Aerospaceplane in China’s development of space-air bomber that can engage enemy anywhere in the world within an hour and destroy an entire aircraft carrier battle group within minutes. Anti-satellite (ASAT) weapons, anti-ASAT weapons, stealth aircrafts, drones, AEW&C, etc. The book gives detailed descriptions of China’s weapon development based on information mainly from Chinese sources that the author monitors closely. U.S. Must Not Be Beaten by China! China is not a democracy. Its political system cannot prevent the emergence of a despotic leader or stop such a leader when he begins to bring disasters to people. A few decades ago, Mao Zedong, the worst tyrant in world history did emerge and bring disasters to Chinese people. He wanted to fight a nuclear war to replace capitalism with communism but could not bring nuclear holocaust to world people as China was too weak and poor at that time. If a despot like Mao Zedong emerges when China has surpassed the US in military strength, world people will suffer the misery experienced by Chinese people in Mao era. China surpassing the US in GDP is not something to worry about as China has the heavy burden to satisfy its huge population, but China surpassing the US in military strength will be world people’s greatest concern if China remains an autocracy. US people are of much better quality than Chinese people. What they lack is a wise leader to adopt the correct strategy and diplomacy and the creative ways to use its resources in developing its military capabilities. I hope that with the emergence of a great leader, the US can put an end to its decline and remain number one in the world. China, US, space era strategy, air-sea battle, space-air bomber, arms race, weapon development, chan kai yee

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