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Politics & Law

Modi to visit China for peaceful solution of border dispute

Prime Minister Narendra Modi gives a speech during his lecture meeting hosted by Nikkei Inc. and Japan External Trade Organization (JETRO) in Tokyo September 2, 2014.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi gives a speech during his lecture meeting hosted by Nikkei Inc. and Japan External Trade Organization (JETRO) in Tokyo September 2, 2014.

Last September, Chinese President Xi Jinping conducted his peace offensive at India by promising $30 billion in investment and raising the prospects of growth of trade between China and India.

Xi has been conducting such peace offensives all over the world. One of his two major offensives is the establishment of the Free Trade Area Asian Pacific (FTAAP), for which he has already set up free trade areas with many Asian Pacific countries. The other is the establishment of the Silk Road Economic Belt and Maritime Silk Road (One Belt And One Road).

China’s free trade area with ASEAN has been particularly successful and made most ASEAN members deaf to Vietnam’s and Philippines’ complaints against China concerning their maritime territorial disputes with China.

India has shown its interest in cooperation with China, Russia and other Asian countries by becoming an observer state of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization. Now, being an Asian state, India certainly wants to join the FTAAP if it is established.

For that, it will need to resolve its border disputes with China. According to Reuter’s report on Modi’s visit to China by the end of May, the solution of border disputes with China will be a major item in his agenda.

The US, whose previous defence secretary visited India in vain to have India join US encirclement of China, now wants to take advantage of India’s fear of potential Chinese threat in China’s establishment of One Belt And One Road.

What can the US offer India? Just as the US is used to do in pitting Japan, Vietnam and the Philippines against China, it promised to provide India with its expensive weapons and weapon technology.

Then which is more attractive, trade with and investment from China or weapons from the US?

Modi is clever. He makes no comparison between the two and wants both trade and investment from China and weapons from the US as long as the two countries have no objection.

That is why after courting US President Obama, he will soon visit China to court Chinese President Xi Jinping.

However, India is close to Russia and wants to improve ties with China while Modi lacks trust in the US due to US enmity towards him before he won the election.

According to SCMP, on February 2, Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi hosted a conference with Russian and Indian foreign ministers as a counterbalance to Washington soon after Obama’s visit to India.

In their joint communique, the three countries vowed to “build a more just, fair and stable international political and economic order” and a “multi-polar” world, hinting their opposition to US hegemony.

SCMP says in its report on Indian Secretary of Foreign Affairs Sushima Swaraj’s Beijing visit that Chinese President Xi Jinping remained positive on Sino-Indian ties in spite of Obama’s Indian visit.

When Xi met Swaraj yesterday, he said Sino-Indian relationship had entered a new stage and that China and India had to properly and patiently control their differences and that the differences should not affect the overall picture of their relations.

The following is Reuters report on Modi’s coming visit to China:

After Obama visit, India’s Modi heads to China by end of May

Prime Minister Narendra Modi will visit China before his first anniversary in government on May 26, the foreign ministry said on Monday, in the latest symbolic move by the nationalist leader to cement India’s ties with the world’s major powers.

The announcement came a week after Modi received U.S. President Barack Obama in New Delhi, promising closer cooperation to maintain free navigation in the South China Sea, deeper defence ties including work on aircraft carrier technology and more civil nuclear collaboration.

China had agreed that the visit would be before the end of May, India’s foreign ministry spokesman said, but the final date has yet to be set.

“We want the visit to happen in the first year of the government,” spokesman Syed Akbaruddin said.

While Modi is keen to work more closely with Washington than his predecessors, he also wants to build strong relations with other powers including China, with whom India shares $66 billion in annual trade but has a long-running border dispute and fought a brief war in 1962.

Modi’s travels since assuming office have included trips to Japan, the United States, Brazil and Australia.

During a trip to Beijing at the weekend, Foreign Minister Sushma Swaraj promised “out of the box” ideas to jump-start talks about the disputed territory in the east and west of the Himalayas, according to media reports. Discussions have made little progress in 17 rounds since 2003.

Chinese President Xi Jinping visited India in September and promised some $30 billion of investment, but the trip was overshadowed by a standoff between Chinese and India troops on the remote Himalayan plateau of Ladakh.

Source: Reuters “After Obama visit, India’s Modi heads to China by end of May”
Source: SCMP “India and Russia back China’s call for ‘new world order’”


About chankaiyee2

Author of the book "Tiananmen's Tremendous Achievements" about how with the help of Tiananmen Protests, talented scholars with moral integrity seized power in the Party and state and brought prosperity to China. The second edition of the book will be published within a few days to mark the 25th anniversary of Tiananmen Protests All the parts in the first edition remain in the second edition with a few changes due to information available later and better understanding. There are also some changes for improvements of style. The new parts are Chapters 12-19 on events in China after the first edition was published: The fierce power struggle for succession between reformists and conservatives; Xi Jinping winning all elders’ support during his mysterious disappearance for 2 weeks in early September, 2012; and Xi Jinping Cyclone. Chan Kai Yee's new book: SPACE ERA STRATEGY: The Way China Beats The US An eye-opening book that tells the truth how the US is losing to China. The US is losing as it adopts the outdated strategy of Air-Sea Battle while China adopts the space era strategy to pursue integrated space and air capabilities: It is losing due to its diplomacy that has given rise to Russian-Chinese alliance. US outdated strategy has enabled China to catch up and surpass the US in key weapons: Hypersonic weapons (HGV) that Pentagon regards as the weapon that will dominate the world in the future. Aerospaceplane in China’s development of space-air bomber that can engage enemy anywhere in the world within an hour and destroy an entire aircraft carrier battle group within minutes. Anti-satellite (ASAT) weapons, anti-ASAT weapons, stealth aircrafts, drones, AEW&C, etc. The book gives detailed descriptions of China’s weapon development based on information mainly from Chinese sources that the author monitors closely. U.S. Must Not Be Beaten by China! China is not a democracy. Its political system cannot prevent the emergence of a despotic leader or stop such a leader when he begins to bring disasters to people. A few decades ago, Mao Zedong, the worst tyrant in world history did emerge and bring disasters to Chinese people. He wanted to fight a nuclear war to replace capitalism with communism but could not bring nuclear holocaust to world people as China was too weak and poor at that time. If a despot like Mao Zedong emerges when China has surpassed the US in military strength, world people will suffer the misery experienced by Chinese people in Mao era. China surpassing the US in GDP is not something to worry about as China has the heavy burden to satisfy its huge population, but China surpassing the US in military strength will be world people’s greatest concern if China remains an autocracy. US people are of much better quality than Chinese people. What they lack is a wise leader to adopt the correct strategy and diplomacy and the creative ways to use its resources in developing its military capabilities. I hope that with the emergence of a great leader, the US can put an end to its decline and remain number one in the world. China, US, space era strategy, air-sea battle, space-air bomber, arms race, weapon development, chan kai yee

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