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Politics & Law

As Venezuela crisis splits the world into three blocs, it is a great lesson of multi-polarity for China


Dark blue countries support Guaidó, red states support Maduro, light blue and non-colored nations are neutral for the time being (picture from Big Think, source from Wikipedia)

Take a look at this interesting map. Both BBC News and Big Think present a world map respectively showing different countries’ diplomatic responses to the current Venezuela crisis in which Washington “has urged the world to pick sides — Maduro or Guaidó (it is another worldwide take-side game alongside the Huawei 5G network issue).

As usual, Russia and China disagree with the United States’ position. Each of the Latin American nations has its own cost and benefit calculations since they have direct interest in this continent, and therefore their positions are understandable.

What is a bit surprise is that western Europe, Japan, India and almost all ASEAN and African nations stay neutral, “on the fence, for now” on one hand, Turkey chooses to support Maduro on the other.

Although Japan and most European nations will eventually walk into the camp of the United States, we have at least two points to note.

Firstly, it is another proof that the world politics have entered into a condition of multi-polarity. Risks and uncertainties are increasing because you cannot be sure whether your supposed allies or friends may respond in time to lend you the necessary endorsement or support in a crisis situation. Moreover, as the Far Right parties in Europe are one after one joining the coalition governments, their foreign policy orientations are much more difficult for not only the U.S. but also China to predict, thus a source of instability.

Secondly, multi-polar world politics are joyful playground for medium powers to have fun as they tend to take side pragmatically case by case so as to serve their own national interests to which they are entitled. Turkey, India and the ASEAN nations have shown their wisdom in the present Venezuela scenario. Similarly, in case the Taiwan issue suddenly escalates to a crisis level but Washington holds a non-cooperative position, Beijing should be prepared that the neighboring regional powers’ past promises could suddenly all vanish.

The opinions expressed are those of the author, and not necessarily those of China Daily Mail.

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About keith K C Hui

Keith K C Hui is a Chinese University of Hong Kong graduate major in Government and Public Administration and the author of "Helmsman Ruler: China's Pragmatic Version of Plato's Ideal Political Succession System In The Republic" (2013).

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